Education - Exclusion rates per 1,000 students, by ethnic group and school quintile

Ministry of Education


Schools in the lowest quintile (quintile 1) draw their students from communities with the highest degree of socio-economic disadvantage.
For this indicator ethnicity is prioritised in the order of Māori, Pasifika, Asian, other groups except European/Pākehā, and European/Pākehā.
For this indicator European/Pākehā refers to people who affiliate as New Zealand European, Other European or European (not further defined). For example, this includes and is not limited to people who consider themselves as Australian (excluding Australian Aborigines), British and Irish, American, Spanish, and Ukrainian.
For this table ethnicities other than the four listed are included in the total, but not in the main breakdown.


Exclusions and expulsions are subsets of suspension where an enrolment is terminated. If the student is aged under 16, the Board may decide to exclude the student from the school, with the requirement that the student enrols elsewhere. If the student is aged 16 or over, the board may decide to expel him or her from the school, and the student may or may not enrol at another school.

Numerator: Total number of exclusions and/or expulsions occurring during the school year
Denominator: Total number of students on roll as at 1 July of each year, by individual year of age.

Data calculation/treatment

Exclusions and expulsions from school
The age-standardised exclusion/expulsion rate is one where all subgroups, for all years, being compared are artificially given the same age distribution. In this indicator, the age distributions of students in each subgroup and year have been standardised to (or weighted by) the set of 2014 age-specific exclusion/expulsion rates for all New Zealand.
As exclusions are highest for ages 13 to 15, and expulsions peak at age 16, standardising for age will remove any differences due to one group having a younger or older population than other groups, or if the overall age distribution has changed from year to year. As such, the standardised rate is an artificial measure, but it does provide an estimate of how groups, or overall rates by year, might more fairly compare if they had the same age distribution.


students from schools which are not receiving public funding
students at Correspondence School
adult students (older than 19), and
International Fee-Paying students

Data provided by

Ministry of Education

Dataset name

School Student Engagement and Participation: Exclusions from school 2014


How to find the data

At URL provided, select 'Exclusions Data' from 'Downloads' in the right-hand column.

Import & extraction details

File as imported: School Student Engagement and Participation: Exclusions from school 2014

From the dataset School Student Engagement and Participation: Exclusions from school 2014, this data was extracted:

  • Sheet: 3. Exclusions, by quintile
  • Range: C5:G9
  • Provided: 25 data points

Dataset originally released on:

June 2015