Government - Detailed Core Crown expenses 2016–2020

The Treasury


Core Crown: A reporting segment consisting of the Crown, departments, Offices of Parliament, the NZS Fund and the Reserve Bank.
Core Crown expenses: The day-to-day spending (eg, public servants' salaries, welfare benefit payments, finance costs and maintaining national defence etc) that does not build physical assets for the Crown. This is an accrual measure of expenses and includes items such as depreciation on physical assets.


Social Security and Welfare Expenses
- This category does not include expenses related to the Government Superannuation Fund (GSF), provided separately in the residual category (Other).

NZ Superannuation and Welfare Benefit Expenses
- From July 2013, changes to the benefit system and existing benefit categories took place. Three new categories of benefit; Supported living payment, Sole parent support and Jobseeker support; have replaced the following existing categories: Domestic Purposes Benefit, Invalid's Benefit, Unemployment Benefit, Sickness Benefit and Widow's Benefit. Due to the changes, there is no historical data for the new benefit categories and no forecast data for the previous categories beyond July 2013.
- From 2015, War Disablement Pensions have been renamed Veterans Support Entitlements

Tertiary Funding
- Initial fair value change in student loans is the initial impact from implementing interest free loan policy.
-The '2020 Actual' includes increased funding to provide revenue certainty to tertiary education organisations for the June to December 2020 period due to the impact of COVID-19.

Economic and Industrial Services Expenses
- From 2017 onwards, spending on new investment and research fund initiatives is included in non-departmental outputs, this has been reclassified from core government services.
- From 2018 onwards, spending includes KiwiSaver HomeStart grant initiative.
- From 2019 onwards, non-departmental outputs includes Provincial Growth Fund expenses.
- '2020 Actual' for "other expenses" includes costs in relation to the Government's response to COVID-19, including infrastructure spending and fair value write-downs.

Primary Services
- From 2017 onwards, biological research has been reclassified from primary services to non-departmental expenses within core government services.
- The '2019 Actual' and the '2020 Actual' for other expenses include costs associated with Mycoplasma bovis.
- From 2019 onwards "other expenses" includes funding for forestry grants and partnership programmes.

Housing and Community Development Expenses
- From 2016 onwards, community services have been reclassified from non-departmental expenses in social security and welfare expenses and employment initiatives in economic expenses.
- From 2019 onwards, KiwiBuild and transitional housing costs are included in non-departmental expenses.

Data provided by

The Treasury

Dataset name

Fiscal Time Series: Core Crown Expense Tables 2020


How to find the data

At the link provided select the file named 'Half Year Economic and Fiscal Update 2020 - Expense Tables'. The table format was amended prior to importing the file into the Figure.NZ system.

Import & extraction details

File as imported: Fiscal Time Series: Core Crown Expense Tables 2020

From the dataset Fiscal Time Series: Core Crown Expense Tables 2020, this data was extracted:

  • Sheet: Core Crown Expense Tables
  • Range: E5:I370
  • Provided: 625 data points

Dataset originally released on:

December 16, 2020

About this dataset

The Treasury advise on the direction of New Zealand’s economic policy with the aim of achieving a strong and sustainable economy, and raising New Zealand living standards. This includes reporting on the expenditure of government (fiscal) revenue, and assisting to ensure spending is fit for purpose and can improve outcomes for New Zealanders.