R&D - Current and capital research and development expenditure by industry 2012–2020
Research and development (R&D): R&D performed by enterprises are generally investigative work that is of actual or potential use in the development of new or enhanced materials, products, devices, processes, or services. R&D directed towards duplicating work already developed by others is only included if the knowledge or technology required for the development is not available to the enterprise.
Current expenditure: for purpose of R&D, this is expenditure on labour costs and other current costs (including costs for external R&D personnel); services and items (including equipment) used and consumed within one year; and annual fees or rents for the use f fixed asset. Current expenditure is classified into two components – wages and salaries and other current expenditure.
Other current expenditure: includes expenditure on consumables, overheads (including rent and travel), wages and salaries for staff indirectly supporting R&D (e.g. central finance or cleaning services), on-site consultants or contract staff, and operating leases. Depreciation is not included.
Wages and salaries: expenditure on wages and salaries for personnel performing R&D (including staff directly supporting R&D). Includes overtime, ACC, fringe benefits, redundancy, severance payments, and other related costs.
For more information
Only businesses that Stats NZ pre-identified as carrying out R&D are included. The business sector includes central and local government-owned trading enterprises.
The government sector excludes central and local government-owned trading enterprises but includes scientific research.
The higher education sector includes 8 universities (and their commercial arms).
Changes to data collection/processing
In this survey, businesses were asked to report on the last financial year for which information was available as at August 2019. The R&D tax incentive came into effect for the 2019/20 April tax year. Data in this release therefore only reflects a part-year impact of the R&D tax incentive.
In 2019 the survey was conducted for the business sector only.
Data provided by
Research and Development Survey: Percent of current and capital research and development expenditure by industry (Annual-Jun) 2020
How to find the data
At URL provided, select 'Industry sectors > Research and Development survey - RAD > Percent of current and capital research and development expenditure by industry'. All variables were selected to create this dataset.
Import & extraction details
From the dataset Research and Development Survey: Percent of current and capital research and development expenditure by industry (Annual-Jun) 2020, this data was extracted:
- Rows: 4-12
- Columns: 2-127
- Provided: 378 data points
Dataset originally released on:
April 16, 2021
About this dataset
The Research and Development Survey, conducted every two years, is a joint survey with the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE). The survey measures the level of research and development (R&D) activity, employment, and expenditure by business sector enterprises, government departments, government-owned trading entities, and universities.
Method of collection/Data provider
The R&D Survey is a postal survey consisting of four questionnaires: a business questionnaire, a government questionnaire, a CRI questionnaire, and a higher education (universities) questionnaire. These questionnaires are specifically designed to capture data on R&D from these different organisation types.
Stats NZ requested information for the last financial year within the 12 months ending 30 September.