Child Poverty - Children living in households with low income: less than 60% median equivalised disposable household income after housing costs 2007–2018

Stats NZ


Income: This data refers to the equivalised disposable household income. It is the household income divided by a factor that takes into account household size and composition. This is to allow living standards to be compared across households.
DEP-17 score: The DEP-17 index focuses on the low living standards end of the spectrum and includes questions about ‘enforced lack of essentials’, ‘economised, cut back, or delayed purchases a lot’, ‘in arrears more than once in last 12 months’, and ‘financial stress and vulnerability’. For more information:
'Material hardship' is defined as having a DEP-17 score of six or more, while 'Severe material hardship' is defined as having a DEP-17 score of nine or more.
Housing costs: Total housing costs consist of expenditure on mortgage payments, rent payments, property rates payments, and payments associated with building-related insurance.
AHC: After housing costs
BHC: Before housing costs

Data calculation/treatment

For more information

Limitations of the data

Stats NZ emphasises the need to look at the general trend over time and caution against reaching definitive conclusions from reported year-on-year changes.
Due to its relatively small sample size, the underlying data source (i.e. the Household Economic Survey) is not able to deliver robust results when more precision is required in a given year.
The Household Economic Survey tends to have lower response rates from households in low socio-economic areas, which means that these households are often underrepresented in the sample. There is evidence that this sample bias is more pronounced in 2015/16 and 2016/17. Therefore, information on low-income households, such as child poverty, should be treated with extra caution for the 2015/16 and 2016/17 years.

Data provided by

Stats NZ

Dataset name

Child Poverty Statistics: Year ended June 2018


How to find the data

At URL provided, select 'Child poverty statistics: Year ended June 2018' file.

Import & extraction details

File as imported: Child Poverty Statistics: Year ended June 2018

From the dataset Child Poverty Statistics: Year ended June 2018, this data was extracted:

  • Sheet: Table 5
  • Range: B7:G18
  • Provided: 36 data points

Dataset originally released on:

April 02, 2019

About this dataset

Child poverty statistics provide estimates of low income and material hardship rates for measures listed in the Child Poverty Reduction Act 2018.

Purpose of collection

Statistics in this release will be used as baseline rates by Government to set 3- and 10-year targets for reducing child poverty for the three primary measures specified in the Child Poverty Reduction Act 2018.

Method of collection/Data provider

These statistics are based on household economic surveys (HES), a random sample survey of 3,000 to 5,500 households, of which around one-third are households with dependent children.
Stats NZ used additional data sources and methodologies to produce estimates for the years 2017/18 and earlier that are as robust as possible for the provision of baseline estimates.