R&D - Type of research and development expenditure by industry and sector 2008–2021
Research and development (R&D): R&D performed by enterprises are generally investigative work that is of actual or potential use in the development of new or enhanced materials, products, devices, processes, or services. R&D directed towards duplicating work already developed by others is only included if the knowledge or technology required for the development is not available to the enterprise.
Applied research: investigation undertaken to acquire new knowledge. It is directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective.
Basic research: carried out to advance knowledge, without seeking long-term economic or social benefits or making any effort to apply the results to sectors responsible for their application.
Experimental development: systematic work, drawing on knowledge gained from research and practical experience, that is directed at producing new materials, products, and devices; installing new processes, systems, and services; or improving substantially those already produced or installed.
Targeted basic research: produces a broad base of new knowledge likely to underpin solutions to current or future applications.
For more information
Only businesses that Stats NZ pre-identified as carrying out R&D are included. The business sector includes central and local government-owned trading enterprises.
The government sector excludes central and local government-owned trading enterprises but includes scientific research.
The higher education sector includes 8 universities (and their commercial arms).
Figures exclude GST.
Changes to data collection/processing
The 2021 R&D Survey was conducted for the business sector only, from August–December 2021. Businesses were asked to report on the last financial year for which information was available as at August 2021.
The R&D Survey usually runs every two years (even years), but in 2019 and 2021, Stats NZ ran special business sector-only iterations. These special iterations were to help measure any impacts from the research and development tax incentive, that came into effect for the 2019/20 April tax year.
Data provided by
Research and Development Survey: Type of research and development expenditure by industry (Annual-Jun) 2021
How to find the data
At URL provided, select 'Industry sectors > Research and Development survey - RAD > Type of research and development expenditure by industry (Annual-Jun)'. All variables were selected to create this dataset.
Import & extraction details
From the dataset Research and Development Survey: Type of research and development expenditure by industry (Annual-Jun) 2021, this data was extracted:
- Rows: 4-17
- Columns: 2-253
- Provided: 1,134 data points
Dataset originally released on:
April 29, 2022
About this dataset
The Research and Development Survey, conducted every two years, is a joint survey with the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE). The survey measures the level of research and development (R&D) activity, employment, and expenditure by business sector enterprises, government departments, government-owned trading entities, and universities.
Method of collection/Data provider
The R&D Survey is a postal survey consisting of four questionnaires: a business questionnaire, a government questionnaire, a CRI questionnaire, and a higher education (universities) questionnaire. These questionnaires are specifically designed to capture data on R&D from these different organisation types.
Stats NZ requested information for the last financial year within the 12 months ending 30 September.