Education - Early leaving exemption rates per 1,000 15 year-old students, by ethnic group and school quintile 2014

Ministry of Education


International fee paying students are excluded.
For this table students without a "Last school attended", for example, home schooled and new arrivals to New Zealand, are excluded as a school quintile can not be calculated.
For this indicator ethnicity is prioritised in the order of Māori, Pasifika, Asian, other groups except European/Pākehā, and European/Pākehā.
For this indicator European/Pākehā refers to people who affiliate as New Zealand European, Other European or European (not further defined). For example, this includes and is not limited to people who consider themselves as Australian (excluding Australian Aborigines), British and Irish, American, Spanish, and Ukrainian.


Early leaving exemption: Enrolment in school is compulsory for all students aged between 6 and 16 years. However, parents of students aged fifteen may apply to the Ministry of Education for an exemption from schooling on the basis of educational problems, conduct, or the likelihood that the student will not benefit from attending available schools.

Data calculation/treatment

Numerator: Total number of 15 year-old students (excluding International Fee paying students) enrolled who obtain an early leaver exemption during the school year.

Denominator: Total number of 15 year-old students (excluding International Fee paying students) on the roll as at 1 July of each year.

Limitations of the data

Each year, there was a small percentage of students for which no ethnicity code had been recorded. The distribution of cases with non-missing ethnic codes has been applied to the set of students with no ethnicity code so as to equate numbers by ethnic group with total numbers of cases. For this reason, all comparisons by ethnicity should be viewed as estimates only.

Data provided by

Ministry of Education

Dataset name

School Student Engagement and Participation: Early leaving exemptions 2014


How to find the data

At URL provided, select 'Data Tables' from 'Downloads' in the right-hand column

Import & extraction details

File as imported: School Student Engagement and Participation: Early leaving exemptions 2014

From the dataset School Student Engagement and Participation: Early leaving exemptions 2014, this data was extracted:

  • Sheet: 4. by Quintile
  • Range: C5:J9
  • Provided: 40 data points

Dataset originally released on:

June 2015

Purpose of collection

In order to achieve in education students must engaged and interested in learning. For many students this means staying at school. All schools face the constant challenge of ensuring that all students feel they belong and are encouraged to participate at school. This is the foundation for motivation, interest and achievement in learning.

Young people who leave school without qualifications may have difficulty performing in the workforce and may face difficulties in terms of life-long learning, or returning to formal study in later years.

There is a strong correlation between early school leavers and unemployment and/or lower incomes, which are in turn generally related to poverty and dependence on income support. In New Zealand, recent data show that those with no qualifications have higher unemployment rates and lower median incomes when compared to those with qualification.