Child Poverty - Children living in households with material hardship 2013–2019

Stats NZ


Material hardship is defined as having a DEP-17 score of six or more.


Income: This data refers to the equivalised disposable household income. It is the household income divided by a factor that takes into account household size and composition. This is to allow living standards to be compared across households.
DEP-17 score: The DEP-17 index focuses on the low living standards end of the spectrum and includes questions about ‘enforced lack of essentials’, ‘economised, cut back, or delayed purchases a lot’, ‘in arrears more than once in last 12 months’, and ‘financial stress and vulnerability’. For more information:
'Material hardship' is defined as having a DEP-17 score of six or more, while 'Severe material hardship' is defined as having a DEP-17 score of nine or more.
Housing costs: Total housing costs consist of expenditure on mortgage payments, rent payments, property rates payments, and payments associated with building-related insurance.
AHC: After housing costs.
BHC: Before housing costs.

Data calculation/treatment

For more information

Limitations of the data

Stats NZ emphasises the need to look at the general trend over time and caution against reaching definitive conclusions from reported year-on-year changes.
Due to its relatively small sample size prior to the 2018/19 year, the underlying data source (i.e. the Household Economic Survey) was not able to deliver robust results when more precision is required in a given year.
The Household Economic Survey tends to have lower response rates from households in low socio-economic areas, which means that these households are often underrepresented in the sample.

Changes to data collection/processing

For the 2018/19 year, the report includes data on child poverty by region and by ethnic group.
Prior to the 2018/19 year, these statistics were based on a much smaller survey of 3,000 to 5,500 households, of which around one-third were households with dependent children.

Data provided by

Stats NZ

Dataset name

Child Poverty Statistics: Year ended June 2019


How to find the data

At URL provided, select 'Child poverty statistics: Year ended June 2019' file.

Import & extraction details

File as imported: Child Poverty Statistics: Year ended June 2019

From the dataset Child Poverty Statistics: Year ended June 2019, this data was extracted:

  • Sheet: Table 3.01
  • Range: B9:H15
  • Provided: 28 data points

Dataset originally released on:

February 25, 2020

About this dataset

Child poverty statistics provide estimates of low income and material hardship rates for measures listed in the Child Poverty Reduction Act 2018.

Purpose of collection

Statistics in this release will be used as baseline rates by Government to set 3- and 10-year targets for reducing child poverty for the three primary measures specified in the Child Poverty Reduction Act 2018.

Method of collection/Data provider

These statistics are based on the household economic survey (HES), a sample survey of more than 20,000 households across New Zealand. The HES was conducted over 12 months, from July 2018 to June 2019, and collected annual income for people aged 15 years and over for the 12 months prior to the interview. This means that the incomes of households interviewed in 2018 include some income from 2017, and only the very last households interviewed include income from the entire 2018/19 year.