Types of research and development expenditure in New Zealand
By sector, 2016, NZD millions
Research and development (R&D): R&D performed by enterprises are generally investigative work that is of actual or potential use in the development of new or enhanced materials, products, devices, processes, or services. R&D directed towards duplicating work already developed by others is only included if the knowledge or technology required for the development is not available to the enterprise.
Applied research: investigation undertaken to acquire new knowledge. It is directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective.
Basic research: carried out to advance knowledge, without seeking long-term economic or social benefits or making any effort to apply the results to sectors responsible for their application.
Experimental development: systematic work, drawing on knowledge gained from research and practical experience, that is directed at producing new materials, products, and devices; installing new processes, systems, and services; or improving substantially those already produced or installed.
Targeted basic research: produces a broad base of new knowledge likely to underpin solutions to current or future applications.
For more information
Only businesses that Stats NZ pre-identified as carrying out R&D are included. The business sector includes central and local government-owned trading enterprises.
The government sector excludes central and local government-owned trading enterprises but includes scientific research.
The higher education sector includes 8 universities (and their commercial arms).
Figures exclude GST.
Data provided by
Research and Development Survey: Type of research and development expenditure by industry (Annual-Jun) 2016
How to find the data
At URL provided, select 'Industry sectors > Research and Development survey - RAD > Type of research and development expenditure by industry (Annual-Jun)'. All variables were selected to create this dataset.
Import & extraction details
From the dataset Research and Development Survey: Type of research and development expenditure by industry (Annual-Jun) 2016, this data was extracted:
- Rows: 4-12
- Columns: 2-252
- Provided: 630 data points
This data forms the table R&D - Type of research and development expenditure by industry and sector 2008–2016.
Dataset originally released on:
March 29, 2017
About this dataset
The Research and Development Survey, conducted every two years, is a joint survey with the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE). The survey measures the level of research and development (R&D) activity, employment, and expenditure by business sector enterprises, government departments, government-owned trading entities, and universities.
Method of collection/Data provider
The R&D Survey is a postal survey consisting of four questionnaires: a business questionnaire, a government questionnaire, a CRI questionnaire, and a higher education (universities) questionnaire. These questionnaires are specifically designed to capture data on R&D from these different organisation types.
Stats NZ requested information for the last financial year within the 12 months ending 30 September.