For this indicator students who identified in more than one ethnic group have been counted in each ethnic group.
MELAA stands for Middle Eastern/Latin American/African.
For this indicator European/Pākehā refers to people who affiliate as New Zealand European, Other European or European (not further defined). For example, this includes and is not limited to people who consider themselves as Australian (excluding Australian Aborigines), British and Irish, American, Spanish, and Ukrainian.
School leavers: school leavers in 2020 are students that permanently left school to enter the workforce and/or undertake further education and training outside of the compulsory schooling system sometime between 1 March 2020 and the last day of February (inclusive) 2021. School leavers are identified using ENROL.
NCEA: NCEA stands for National Certificate of Educational Achievement. NCEA is the national qualification system for New Zealand's senior secondary school students. It is made up of three certificates at Levels 1, 2 and 3 and usually studied in Years 11, 12 and 13.
The denominator is the total number of school leavers in a given school year.
Domestic students who were aged less than 19 in their first enrolment in ENROL; including alternative education students, students 16 or over and students attending teen parent units.
Students with leave reason; 'end of schooling' or 'early leaving exemption'.
Students with leave reason 'transferred to another school in New Zealand' or 'transferred to home schooling' but did not reenrol in another school according to ENROL.
Students with leave reason 'gone overseas permanently', who meet the age criteria.
Students who attend for a period of time at the start of 2019 but leave before 1 March 2020 are counted with 2019 leavers.
Returning adult students (aged 19 or more) with a year gap in their attendance.
Exchange and International fee-paying students.
Students who successfully transferred to another school in New Zealand or to home schooling.
Changes to data collection/processing
In response to COVID-19 in 2020, the Ministry and the New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) introduced a range of responses to NCEA to support students. Alongside the provision of Learning Recognition Credits, there were significant other supports available for students and schools through the year. These likely complemented the built-in flexibility within NCEA and our secondary education system resulting in a generally positive attainment outcome for 2020.
The National Certificate of Educational Achievement Level 2 (NCEA Level 2) is the second stage of upper-secondary education, and serves as a foundation for further study and/or employment. NCEA Level 2, as with all levels of NCEA, encompasses a wide range of learning. Students can attain credits through internal and external assessment, and they can accumulate these credits both within and across years.