Core Crown spending on social security and welfare in New Zealand by category

Year ended June 2016, NZD millions


Core Crown: A reporting segment consisting of the Crown, departments, Offices of Parliament, the NZS Fund and the Reserve Bank.
Core Crown expenses: The day-to-day spending (eg, public servants' salaries, welfare benefit payments, finance costs and maintaining national defence etc) that does not build physical assets for the Crown. This is an accrual measure of expenses and includes items such as depreciation on physical assets.


Social Security and Welfare Expenses
- This category does not include expenses related to the Government Superannuation Fund (GSF), provided separately in the residual category (Other).
- From 2016 some non-departmental expenses spending has been reclassified to community services in housing and community development expenses.

NZ Superannuation and Welfare Benefit Expenses
- From July 2013, changes to the benefit system and existing benefit categories took place. Three new categories of benefit; Supported living payment, Sole parent support and Jobseeker support; have replaced the following existing categories: Domestic Purposes Benefit, Invalid's Benefit, Unemployment Benefit, Sickness Benefit and Widow's Benefit. Due to the changes, there is no historical data for the new benefit categories and no forecast data for the previous categories beyond July 2013.
- In 2000 and 2001, Sickness Benefit and Unemployment Benefit were previously included in Other benefits.
- In Work Tax Credit and Child Tax Credit moved into Other benefits from 2008.
- Veterans Support Entitlement and Veteran's Pension were separately disclosed from 2004. Prior to this, they were included as Other benefits.
- From 2015, War Disablement Pensions have been renamed Veterans Support Entitlements

Tertiary Funding
- Initial fair value change in student loans is the initial impact from implementing interest free loan policy.

Core Government Service Expenses
- Indemnity and guarantee expenses in 2009 include costs to the Crown in relation to the deposit guarantee scheme.
- Non-departmental expenses and other expenses include costs associated with the Canterbury earthquakes.
- Non-departmental expenses were separately disclosed from 2007. Prior to this, they were included as Other expenses.

Law and Order Expenses
- Department of Courts merged into Ministry of Justice in the 2004 fiscal year
- Prior to 2010/11 the majority of NZ Customs Service expenses were classified as core government services.

Economic and Industrial Services Expenses
- From 2016 some of the employment initiatives spending has ceased with spending reclassified to other non-departmental expenses in housing and community development

Primary Services
- Biological research was previously classified as an economic and industrial services expense.

Housing and Community Development Expenses
- Financial assistance package for 2012 and 2013 actual includes the impact of a revised estimate of the weathertight homes financial assistance package provision.

- Note that this category include expenses not included in other categories.
- Budget adjustments: this is only for the forecast period and relates to the unallocated portion of forecast new operating spending and the top-down expense adjustment.

Changes to data collection/processing

Data from 2000-2004 are based on values published in the Financial Statements of Government but have been backdated to be consistent with International Financial Reporting Standards. The values therefore differ from those in the published accounts.
Data from 2005-2016 are based on values published in the Financial Statements of Government but have been backdated to be consistent with Public Sector PBE Standards. PBE Standards were adopted in 2015, therefore for 2005-2014 the values differ from those in the published accounts.

Data provided by

The Treasury

Dataset name

Fiscal Time Series: Core Crown Expense Tables 2016


How to find the data

This dataset was prepared for Figure.NZ by The Treasury

Import & extraction details

File as imported: Fiscal Time Series: Core Crown Expense Tables 2016

From the dataset Fiscal Time Series: Core Crown Expense Tables 2016, this data was extracted:

  • Sheet: Detailed tables
  • Range: E3:U266
  • Provided: 2,091 data points

This data forms the table Government - Detailed Core Crown expenses 2000–2016.

Dataset originally released on:

April 20, 2017

About this dataset

The core Crown expense data from the Treasury provide further details on government spending. These data, together with forecasts for 2017–2021, are available in each Economic and Fiscal Update.