Experience of racial discrimination: Either an ethnically motivated personal attack or ethnically motivated unfair treatment
Ethnically motivated personal attack: Either verbal or physical abuse
Ethnically motivated unfair treatment: This includes unfair treatment by a health professional, at work (or being refused a job), and when renting/buying a house.
People belonging to the Māori, Pacific and Asian ethnic groups have been counted in each ethnic group they identify with.
The Other group represents people belonging to the European, Middle Eastern/Latin American/African (MELAA) and/or Other ethnic groups who DO NOT also identify as Māori, Pacific or Asian (ie, people who are non-Māori and non-Pacific and non-Asian).
The data is based on self-reported experiences, and may underreport experiences of racism, particularly for Māori, Pacific and Asian people.
People may be reluctant to report their experiences of racial discrimination or may not recognise that that they have experienced racial discrimination. They may also not recall all previous experiences of racial discrimination, particularly when reporting experiences that occurred over 12 months ago.
In the 2020/21 New Zealand Health Survey, the sample size for Pacific and Asian ethnic groups was small and this means that estimates are less precise than usual.
From the dataset New Zealand Health Survey: Racial Discrimination 2021, this data was extracted:
Sheet: Data table
Provided: 1,344 data points
Dataset originally released on:
June 29, 2023
About this dataset
This dataset presents information on adults’ experiences of racial discrimination in the past 12 months and over their lifetime. This includes the experience of ethnically motivated personal attack (physical or verbal), and experience of unfair treatment in healthcare, employment or housing. Data was collected from the racial discrimination module included in the 2011/12, 2016/17 and 2020/21 New Zealand Health Survey.
Purpose of collection
Racism is an important determinant of health that contributes to health inequities. Eliminating all forms of racism is critical to achieving health equity and the vision of pae ora – healthy futures for all New Zealanders.
Method of collection/Data provider
A racial discrimination module has been included in the adult New Zealand Health Survey questionnaire intermittently. Data is available on people’s experience of racial discrimination over 2 time periods: in the 12 months before the survey and over their lifetime. Results are also shown by ethnic group for Māori, Pacific, Asian and non-Māori/non-Pacific/non-Asian people.