020,00040,00060,00080,000New Zealand's total and net greenhouse gas emissions1991–2019, kilotonnes of CO2 equivalentProvider: Ministry for the Environment19911995199920032007201120152019Total emissions (without LULUCF)Net emissions (including LULUCF)

New Zealand's total and net greenhouse gas emissions

1991–2019, kilotonnes of CO2 equivalent


LULUCF: Land use, land-use change and forestry. A greenhouse gas inventory sector that covers emissions and removals of greenhouse gases resulting from direct human-induced land use, land-use change and forestry activities.
CO2: carbon dioxide
CH4: methane
N2O: nitrous oxide
HFCs: hydrofluorocarbons
PFCs: perfluorocarbons
SF6: sulphur hexafluoride
Gross emissions: comprise greenhouse gas emissions from all sectors excluding LULUCF.
Net emissions: comprise greenhouse gas emissions and removals from all sectors including LULUCF. Net emissions are lower than gross emissions because the LULUCF sector currently removes more greenhouse gas from the atmosphere than it emits.

For more information


The inventory reports greenhouse gas emissions and removals from five sectors:
- agriculture (e.g. nitrous oxide from fertiliser, methane from livestock digestive systems and manure)
- energy (e.g. emissions from road transport and electricity generation)
- industrial processes and product use (IPPU) (e.g. cement production and refrigeration)
- land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) (e.g. forest land, cropland, grassland, wetlands, settlements, other land).
- waste (eg, solid waste and wastewater).
The most recent inventory report covered the following direct greenhouse gases:
carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6).
Only emissions and removals of these six direct greenhouse gases are included in the national greenhouse gas total.


Emissions from international marine and aviation are reported as memo items and are NOT included in New Zealand’s total emissions.
The inventory also reports indirect greenhouse gases but they are not included in New Zealand’s greenhouse gas total. These gases do not have a direct warming effect, but react with other gases in the atmosphere and increase the concentration of greenhouse gases.
The indirect gases are: oxides of nitrogen (NOx), sulphur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs).

Changes to data collection/processing

The continuous improvement of inventory development and reporting is a fundamental requirement under the Kyoto Protocol and the UNFCCC. When inventory improvements are made, it is good practice to recalculate the entire time series to ensure the consistency of emission trends. Recalculated estimates can result from any one improvement or a combination of improvements in activity data, emission factors, methodology or when additional emission sources are identified.

Data provided by

Ministry for the Environment

Dataset name

New Zealand's Greenhouse Gas Inventory: CRF summary data 2019



How to find the data

Click on 'Summary emissions data [Excel file (xlsx), 42 KB]' under the 'Supporting information' title to download the file.

Import & extraction details

File as imported: New Zealand's Greenhouse Gas Inventory: CRF summary data 2019

From the dataset New Zealand's Greenhouse Gas Inventory: CRF summary data 2019, this data was extracted:

  • Sheet: Emissions by sector
  • Range: B3:I32
  • Provided: 240 data points

This data forms the table Environment - Greenhouse gas emissions by sector 1990–2019.

Dataset originally released on:

April 2021

About this dataset

New Zealand’s Greenhouse Gas Inventory is the official annual report of all anthropogenic (human induced) emissions and removals of greenhouse gases in New Zealand. The inventory measures New Zealand’s progress against obligations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol.

The 2021 inventory contains the emissions and removals data from 1990 to 2019, major emissions trends, and methodology used by New Zealand for estimating its emissions and removals. The inventory informs the Ministry for the Environment’s policy recommendations on climate change, and it enables us to monitor progress towards our emissions reductions targets.